Category Archives: Origins of Agriculture

From agriculture to gardens

The shift from hunter-gatherers to agriculturalists is thought to have started around 12,000 years ago (Neolithic – New Stone Age). But I suspect that just 8,000 years for the development from intentional cultivation to purely decorative gardens may be an underestimate. Continue reading

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Spread of agriculture was not only by migration but also by diffusion

The Baltic region developed agriculture before the large migrations of the bronze age. The Neolithic transition therefore was not only by migration (as in Southern Europe) but also by the diffusion of culture to hunter gatherers in the Baltic region. Continue reading

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Why the hunters moved down from the hills

But this was a period of great change – environmental and social. The northern hemisphere was coming out of a glacial age, nomadic hunter-gatherers were “settling down” and the age of agriculture was approaching. I can imagine that dwellings at lower altitude would have been more suitable for continuous occupation whereas the caves and grottos at high altitude were probably only occupied seasonally. Continue reading

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Agricultural beginnings were during the pre-Holocene glacial period

The origins of agriculture from the evidence of stones used to grind grains lie at least 23000 years ago in the fertile crescent of west Asia and in the depths of the pre-Holocene glacial maximum. But new evidence from North China suggests that these origins of may well lie in many regions – roughly simultaneously and following much the same paths of development. Continue reading

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